Growing Conditions: Needs sunlight, cold and heat tolerant, moist soil, low water use. Species- Asclepias syriaca-This plant is a broad-leaved Milkweed also causes mild dermatitis in some who come in contact with it. , Pollination in this genus is accomplished in an unusual manner. The long, oblong leaves are light green and grow to about 8 inches long. plant and has protected seeds red algae.  The milkweed filaments from the coma (the "floss") are hollow and coated with wax, and have good insulation qualities. They were "noncoding, Resinoids, glycosides, and a small amount of alkaloids are present in all parts of the plant. Overview Asclepias Tuberosa also referred to as butterfly weed or Indian paintbrush, Orange Milkweed is a species of milkweed native to eastern and southwestern America. The silk is used in thermal insulation, acoustic insulation, and oil absorbents. Milkweed latex contains about two percent latex, and during World War II both Nazi Germany and the United States attempted to use it as a source of natural rubber, although no record of large-scale success has been found. They used it for diarrhea relief, for swellings and rashes, to treat colic, to expel tapeworms, to cure snakebite, and as a contraceptive. This may be one reason why so many butterflies are orange—they are evolving to resemble the monarch so birds will think twice before eating them, even if they are perfectly edible. Swamp Milkweed eventually matures to forms clumps up to 36" across. Data from a DNA study indicate that, generally, more recently-evolved milkweed species ("derived" in botany parlance) use these preventative strategies less but grow faster than older species, potentially regrowing faster than caterpillars can consume them.. According to APG II, the Asclepiadaceae, commonly known as milkweed family, is a former plant family now treated as a subfamily (subfamily Asclepiadoideae) in the Apocynaceae (Bruyns 2000). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (1997), 62: 593–610. The corona is composed of a five paired hood and horn structure with the hood acting as a sheath for the inner horn. It was chewed to relieve sore throats, and new mothers would drink it to promote lactation. Grows in sturdy, upright clumps up to 18-24 in. This tree is derived from molecular evidence and perennial herb with Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Species formerly classified under the genus Asclepias include: "Milkweed" redirects here. Photo: Emma Pelton/Xerces Society. Milkweed sap. Some species’ leaves and stems are covered in soft hairs while others are hairless. For example, Asclepias curassavica, or tropical milkweed, is often planted as an ornamental in butterfly gardens. A study of the insulative properties of various materials found that milkweed floss was outperformed by other materials in terms of insulation, loft, and lumpiness, but it scored well when mixed with down feathers. Butterfly Milkweed- Asclepias tuberosa. I. Botanical Gazette 12: 207–216. Remember, there are more than 100 species of milkweed, so we need your help in building this guide. America with white sap Phylum- Magnoliophyta (Angiosperms)-This organism is a flowering pink or purple flowers that are in umbels. Milkweed species, as a group, are known to contain cardiac glycosides that are poisonous both to humans and to livestock, as well as other substances that may account for their medicinal effect. Accordingly, this is a wonderful horticultural plant for landscaping to attract butterflies (particularly monarchs), whose numbers are declining and migratory routes changing due to lack of appropriate habitat. nectar). Types of Beetle with Name and Picture. The recent decline of the monarch butterfly has attracted a great deal of attention. leaves) and from them (i.e. To learn more about the medicinal uses of milkweed, For one thing, it is thought that the poisonous sap in milkweed, the monarch's only food source, makes it distasteful to predators like birds. science.kennesaw.edu/~jdirnber/Bio2108/Lecture/Lec At maturity, Asclepias tuberosa reaches heights of between 1 to 4 Class- Magnoliopsida-This plant is a dicot, meaning the seed has habitat page next or return evidence of ten different species of Asclepias. Its lilac reddish, small, fragrant flowers are gathered into umbellate inflorescences.  Milkweed has a long history of medicinal, every day, and military use. Across species, milkweeds are variable in stature, with some plants being tall and stout while others are low-growing and sprawling. Botanische Bildtafeln . Domain- Eukarya- This organism has a true nucleus and Nonetheless, it can be made edible if properly processed. A decorative species with a fragrance resembling a lilac; spreads from underground roots; provides essential food for monarch butterfly caterpillars and other beneficial insects. They form a group of perennial herbs , twining shrubs , lianas or rarely trees but notably also contain a significant number of leafless stem succulents . Milkweed species are attractive to many insect species, including the large milkweed bug, common milkweed bug, red milkweed beetle, blue milkweed beetle, and bees. This milkweed species is known as common milkweed; it has a very large habitat range. Go to the Milkweed is named after its milky sap, which contains alkaloids, latex, and several other complex compounds. There are also 12 species of Asclepias in South America, among them: A. barjoniifolia, A. boliviensis, A. curassavica, A. mellodora, A. candida, A. flava, and A. pilgeriana. (1987) Variability in dispersal ability of Common Milkweed, http://orbisec.com/milkweed-flower-morphology-and-terminology/, "Phylogenetic escalation and decline of plant defense strategies", "Evaluation of Milkweed Floss as an Insulative Fill Material", "A Weed Goes to War, and Michigan Provides the Ammunition", "Milkweed seed wing removal to improve oil extraction", "How a Quebec company used a weed to create a one-of-a-kind winter coat", "La soie d'Amérique passe en production industrielle", "Milkweed touted as oil-spill super-sucker — with butterfly benefits", "Monarch Watch: Monarch Waystation Program", "Citizen Science Observations of Monarch Butterfly Overwintering in the Southern United States", "Loss of migratory behaviour increases infection risk for a butterfly host", "Exposure to Non-Native Tropical Milkweed Promotes Reproductive Development in Migratory Monarch Butterflies", Milkweed test-cultivated for the insulation value of floss, Common milkweed production research at Western Illinois University, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asclepias&oldid=994680141, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Blunt-leaved milkweed, native to central and eastern, California milkweed, native to central and southern. The Omaha people from Nebraska, the Menomin from Wisconsin and upper Michigan, the Dakota from Minnesota, and the Ponca people from Nebraska, traditionally used it for medicinal purposes. Jump to navigation. Swamp milkweed, Asclepias incarnata, is named for the Greek god of medicine, Asklepios. Pollination systems in the Asclepiadaceae: a survey and preliminary analysis. The genus contains over 200 species distributed broadly across Africa, North America, and South America. The Latin word Asclepias translates into English as , Milkweeds use three primary defenses to limit damage caused by caterpillars: hairs on the leaves, cardenolide toxins, and latex fluids. Fruit grows in the form of follicles. Order- Gentianales-This plant has leaves that are opposite or Milkweed is toxic and may cause death when animals consume large quantities of the plant. visit Butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) is the only species of Milkweed without this defense mechanism. 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