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mammals of connecticut

State policy is not to remove bears unless the area is urban; the agency seldom relocates bears and only does so within Connecticut, since no other state will accept them. ""'Whales (Order "Cetacea", Family "Delphinidae")* Long-finned pilot whale ("Globicephala melas") — occasionally enters Long Island Sound; it rarely washes up on the shore in Connecticut. The state allows bowhunting for deers from September 15 to January 31. * Gray Seal ("Halichoerus grypus") — occasionally seen in Long Island Sound but usually lives farther northee also* Fauna of Connecticut* List of Connecticut birds* Flora of Connecticut* Long Island Sound for an extensive list of various species* List of Massachusetts mammals* List of mammals in North America* Mammals of New England* List of mammals* List of regional mammals listsNotesExternal links* [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=325726&depNav_GID=1655&depNav=| Wildlife Web pages at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site], "'Raccoons and relatives (Order "Carnivora", Family "Procyonidae"), * Raccoon ("Procyon lotor") — found near lakes, ponds, marshes and streams; a rabies epidemic devastated the population in the state in the earlhy 1990s, killing as much as 75 percent of the population; raccoon rabies still remains in Connecticut, with about 200 cases a year as of 2004, and including skunk and cat infections as well as raccoons; rabies cases should be reported to police or animal control officialsWeasels, Otters, and Skunks (Order "Carnivora", Families "Mustelidae", "Mephitidae")* River otter ("Lontra canadensis") — previously scarce, but now somewhat common in the state; found in many lakes and large ponds* Mink ("Mustela vison") — rather common in streams, ponds, lakes and marshes; large minks are now extinct but may have lived along the coast of the state in the nineteenth century* Long-tailed weasel ("Mustela frenata") — Like the ermine (or "short-tailed weasel"), fairly common in woods and thickets and near stone walls; especially near rivers and streams* Ermine or Short-tailed weasel ("Mustela erminea") — Like the Long-tailed weasel, fairly common in woods and thickets and near stone walls; especially near rivers and streams * American marten ("Martes americana") — one recent (as of 2004) road-kill in New Hartford, Connecticut (in the north-central to northwest part of the state) was the first certain evidence that the species occurs in Connecticut* Fisher (animal) ("Martes pennanti") — Fishers live in large, thickly wooded forests; the species was extirpated from southern New England when forests were cleared and was absent for more than a century. * Gray Seal ("Halichoerus grypus") — occasionally seen in Long Island Sound but usually lives farther northee also* Fauna of Connecticut* List of Connecticut birds* Flora of Connecticut* Long Island Sound for an extensive list of various species* List of Massachusetts mammals* List of mammals in North America* Mammals of New England* List of mammals* List of regional mammals listsNotesExternal links* [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=325726&depNav_GID=1655&depNav=| Wildlife Web pages at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site], * Northern bat, also known as the Long-eared Bat ("Myotis septentrionalis")Bats that hibernate in caves and tunnels:* Northern bat (see above)* Little brown bat (see above)* Eastern Small-footed Bat ("Myotis leibii") — believed to have been extirpated in the state, and it was probably always scarce; no confirmed sightings have been recorded in the state for several decades; listed by the state as a "species of special concern"* Indiana bat ("Myotis sodalis") — in the several decades up to 2004, only one was ever found in the state, the bat is on both state and federal lists of endangered species* Eastern pipistrelle ("Pipistrellus subflavus")Rabbits and Hares"):* The Eastern cottontail ("Sylvilagus floridanus") was introduced to New England in the late 1800s and has expanded its range at the expense of the native New England Cottontail. In 1907 the state allowed landowners to shoot deer causing crop damage.l In 1974, the state passed its first deer management act and regular, licensed deer hunting began the next year. Other factors are the mixture of young and mature forests, milder winters, and fewer predators. Local police are authorized to kill the animals if they pose a threat to public safety, which in practice almost only means that the animal is getting too close to a highway. * Water Shrew ("Sorex palustris") — uncommon; found near water * Least Shrew ("Cryptotis parva") — rare in Connecticut, where the species reaches its eastern limit and close to its northern limit (it is also in central New York state); in this state, only found in coastal areas with high beach dunes and neighboring brackish marshes; [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=326034&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Least Shrew", at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] ; all other shrews in the state have much longer tails (at least as long as the rest of their bodies) As of late 2007, the species was the only mammal listed on the Connecticut endangered species list, [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=326210&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Endangered and Threatened Species Fact Sheets", at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] and it was the first mammal ever put on the list. [ ] Web page titled "White-tailed Deer" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] By the 1970s, the total state population was about 20,000, and up to 76,000 (a low estimate) in 2000.Fairfield County has the highest deer density in the state. In June 2007, a 500-pound bull moose collided head-on with a driver on the Merritt Parkway near Exit 37 in Stamford, Connecticut. In the 1970s the price of bobcat pelts rose so much that state officials became concerned they would be overharvested and reclassified the bobcat as a protected furbearer, with no hunting or trapping seasons. Reforestation of the state was the major factor allowing for the reintroduction and expansion of the bear population, and that expansion is expected to continue. The DEP asks people who see bears in Connecticut to do the following:**"Enjoy it from a distance. One Massachusetts environmental official estimated there were about 1000 moose in Massachusetts. Population density is normally no more than one fisher per several hundred acres. * Gray Seal ("Halichoerus grypus") — occasionally seen in Long Island Sound but usually lives farther northee also* Fauna of Connecticut* List of Connecticut birds* Flora of Connecticut* Long Island Sound for an extensive list of various species* List of Massachusetts mammals* List of mammals in North America* Mammals of New England* List of mammals* List of regional mammals listsNotesExternal links* [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=325726&depNav_GID=1655&depNav=| Wildlife Web pages at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site], * Hoary bat ("Lasiurus cinereus") — seldom seen andlisted as a Connecticut species of special concern* Northern bat, also known as the Long-eared Bat ("Myotis septentrionalis")Bats that hibernate in caves and tunnels:* Northern bat (see above)* Little brown bat (see above)* Eastern Small-footed Bat ("Myotis leibii") — believed to have been extirpated in the state, and it was probably always scarce; no confirmed sightings have been recorded in the state for several decades; listed by the state as a "species of special concern"* Indiana bat ("Myotis sodalis") — in the several decades up to 2004, only one was ever found in the state, the bat is on both state and federal lists of endangered species* Eastern pipistrelle ("Pipistrellus subflavus")Rabbits and Hares"):* The Eastern cottontail ("Sylvilagus floridanus") was introduced to New England in the late 1800s and has expanded its range at the expense of the native New England Cottontail. "**"Never attempt to feed or attract bears. In Massachusetts, three or four moose are hit by trains each year and about 15 motor vehicle collisions with the animals occur, although in some years there have been as many as 50. In Massachusetts, three or four moose are hit by trains each year and about 15 motor vehicle collisions with the animals occur, although in some years there have been as many as 50. It's High Season for Roadkill, and Disposal Costs Mount", article, "The New York Times", Connecticut and the Region section, October 21, 2007, page 3] But the state Department of Environmental Protection estimates only 3,000 deer-motor vehicle accidents occur annually.Lee, Natasha, "Controlled hunt set for nature preserves: Group aims to cull deer population", The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, October 19, 2007, Norwalk edition, pp 1, A6] State policy is to bury deer carcases by the side of the road where they were hit. (12,975 sq. Hammonasset Beach State Park has many of them; in the early evening, 30 to 40 can be found along the entrance road. "'Porpoises (Order "Cetacea", Family "Phocoenidae")* Harbor porpoise ("Phocoena phocoena") — rare, but sometimes found off the coast "'Seals (Order "Carnivora", Family "Phocidae")* Harbor seal ("Phoca vitulina") — This is the only marine mammal regularly living in Connecticut; found mostly in the eastern part of the coast (where there were at least several hundred as of 2004), but also in the west; not uncommon around Hammonasset Beach State Park, around Sheffield Island and Smith's Reef in the Norwalk Islands, and they have been spotted off Stamford and Greenwich; [Desmarais, Paul, "Photo Journal" photo feature (caption of picture of two harbor seals in Norwalk), "The Advocate" of Stamford, Norwalk edition, p A11, March 18, 2008] found from late fall through mid spring, usually on isolated ledges and rocks; in the past, they may have been permanent residents, but sealers and fishermen who killed the seals to prevent competition probably stopped that; for the warmer months of the year, they migrate to the Maine coast. "'Porpoises (Order "Cetacea", Family "Phocoenidae")* Harbor porpoise ("Phocoena phocoena") — rare, but sometimes found off the coast "'Seals (Order "Carnivora", Family "Phocidae")* Harbor seal ("Phoca vitulina") — This is the only marine mammal regularly living in Connecticut; found mostly in the eastern part of the coast (where there were at least several hundred as of 2004), but also in the west; not uncommon around Hammonasset Beach State Park, around Sheffield Island and Smith's Reef in the Norwalk Islands, and they have been spotted off Stamford and Greenwich; [Desmarais, Paul, "Photo Journal" photo feature (caption of picture of two harbor seals in Norwalk), "The Advocate" of Stamford, Norwalk edition, p A11, March 18, 2008] found from late fall through mid spring, usually on isolated ledges and rocks; in the past, they may have been permanent residents, but sealers and fishermen who killed the seals to prevent competition probably stopped that; for the warmer months of the year, they migrate to the Maine coast. [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=326018&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Gray Squirrel" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] * American Red Squirrel ("Tamiasciurus hudsonicus") — found usually in spots with stands of mature conifers, including white pine or eastern hemlock, but even in those areas there are usually fewer than one individual per acre; * Southern flying squirrel ("Glaucomys volans") — common where there are nut trees and available nesting cavities, often near streams and wetlands* Northern flying squirrel ("Glaucomys sabrinus") — present in just a few areas in northern Connecticut; usually old-growth forests* Eastern chipmunk ("Tamias striatus") — common in woods Beavers (Order "Rodentia", Family "Castoridae")* Beaver ("Castor canadensis") — found in small and large low-gradient streams, including tidal parts of the lower Connecticut River, as well as lakes and other water that is both permanently present and deep enough not to freeze all the way to the bottom in winter; most common where its favorite food plants are (such as aspen, birch, willow, cottonwood and soft aquatic plants); they not only dam up smaller streams but can be found in rivers too big to be dammed; common in the state before the arrival of Europeans; trapping led to their extirpation in the state by about 1842, then were reintroduced, first in Union in 1914, and at other times up to the 1950s. The state DEP encourages bear reports on its Web site. Deer were nearly eliminated from the state by the end of the nineteenth century, with fewer than 20 in all of Connecticut, although they were on the rebound by that point, in part due to state regulations to protect them. Local police are authorized to kill the animals if they pose a threat to public safety, which in practice almost only means that the animal is getting too close to a highway. Some of the best state parks for spotting owls is Hammonasset Beach State Park and Silver Sands State Park at Milford. "'Porpoises (Order "Cetacea", Family "Phocoenidae")* Harbor porpoise ("Phocoena phocoena") — rare, but sometimes found off the coast "'Seals (Order "Carnivora", Family "Phocidae")* Harbor seal ("Phoca vitulina") — This is the only marine mammal regularly living in Connecticut; found mostly in the eastern part of the coast (where there were at least several hundred as of 2004), but also in the west; not uncommon around Hammonasset Beach State Park, around Sheffield Island and Smith's Reef in the Norwalk Islands, and they have been spotted off Stamford and Greenwich; [Desmarais, Paul, "Photo Journal" photo feature (caption of picture of two harbor seals in Norwalk), "The Advocate" of Stamford, Norwalk edition, p A11, March 18, 2008] found from late fall through mid spring, usually on isolated ledges and rocks; in the past, they may have been permanent residents, but sealers and fishermen who killed the seals to prevent competition probably stopped that; for the warmer months of the year, they migrate to the Maine coast. Local police are authorized to kill the animals if they pose a threat to public safety, which in practice almost only means that the animal is getting too close to a highway. Then What? "'Porpoises (Order "Cetacea", Family "Phocoenidae")* Harbor porpoise ("Phocoena phocoena") — rare, but sometimes found off the coast "'Seals (Order "Carnivora", Family "Phocidae")* Harbor seal ("Phoca vitulina") — This is the only marine mammal regularly living in Connecticut; found mostly in the eastern part of the coast (where there were at least several hundred as of 2004), but also in the west; not uncommon around Hammonasset Beach State Park, around Sheffield Island and Smith's Reef in the Norwalk Islands, and they have been spotted off Stamford and Greenwich; [Desmarais, Paul, "Photo Journal" photo feature (caption of picture of two harbor seals in Norwalk), "The Advocate" of Stamford, Norwalk edition, p A11, March 18, 2008] found from late fall through mid spring, usually on isolated ledges and rocks; in the past, they may have been permanent residents, but sealers and fishermen who killed the seals to prevent competition probably stopped that; for the warmer months of the year, they migrate to the Maine coast. According to one estimate, the county has 59 per square mile, more than double the density in the rest of the state, according to the state Department of Environmental Protection. Note: Please note that insects do not adhere to man-drawn borders on a map and as such they may be found beyond their listed 'reach' showcased on our website. DEP annual bear surveys began in 2001. Anecdotal evidence suggested the population at that time was growing., DEP officials said. On October 4, 2007 a 700-pound bull moose was shot and killed by town of Fairfield, Connecticut police when it wandered too close to the Merritt Parkway. * Gray Seal ("Halichoerus grypus") — occasionally seen in Long Island Sound but usually lives farther northee also* Fauna of Connecticut* List of Connecticut birds* Flora of Connecticut* Long Island Sound for an extensive list of various species* List of Massachusetts mammals* List of mammals in North America* Mammals of New England* List of mammals* List of regional mammals listsNotesExternal links* [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=325726&depNav_GID=1655&depNav=| Wildlife Web pages at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site], * Woodland Vole ("Microtus pinetorum") — common in the state; found mostly in partly wooded uplands * Muskrat ("Ondatra zibethicus") — common in ponds, lakes, slow-moviing streams, canals, swamps and marshes * Southern bog lemming ("Synaptomys cooperi") — usually lives along the edges of bogs, but also sometimes found in shady uplands with thick humus soil * House mouse ("Mus musculus") common in cities and farms, associated with people and farmland; comes from Europe— * Norway rat ("Rattus norvegicus") — common wherever it can find food, such as at farms, in cities, near garbage dumps or waterfront areas; comes from Europe; Barn owls near the New Haven landfill often feed on them "'Jumping mice (Order "Rodentia", Family "Dipodidae", Subfamily "Zapodinae")* Meadow jumping mouse ("Zapus hudsonius") — rather common in Connecticut in areas with thick vegetation, including meadows but also old fields, forest edges, often near water * Woodland jumping mouse ("Napaeozapus insignis") — rather common in Connecticut in moist, forested areas or spots with thick shrubs, usually along streams "'New World porcupines (Order "Rodentia", Family "Erethizontidae")* North American porcupine ("Erethizon dorsatum") — uncommon in forested areas in the northern part of the state; usually found in mixed forests including eastern hemlockCarnivoresDogs, Wolves, Coyotes, and Foxes (Order "Carnivora", Family "Canidae")* Coyote ("Canis latrans") — first spotted in Connecticut in the mid-1950s, with the first 10 years of reports only in the northwestern part of the state, although they have since spread across the entire state. 1989 in coastal Middlesex County, Connecticut in 1840 by Reverend James H. 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